ANNUAL SURVEY OF INDUSTRIES, 2002-03 Vol. II REPORT ON ABSENTEEISM, LABOUR TURNOVER, EMPLOYMENT & LABOUR COST IN  SAMPLE SECTOR

CHAPTER-II

ABSENTEEISM

      Information regarding absenteeism among workers in an industrial establishment on account of reasons other than strikes, lockouts, lay-off, weekly rest or suspension, provide a sound database for gauging the employee’s morale, commitment and level of job satisfaction which have a direct bearing on productivity of the establishment. The effects of high levels of absenteeism are wide ranging and affect everyone in the organisation. It cannot be regarded purely as a management problem. Employers, workers and their representatives have an interest in ensuring that a few absent workers do not jeopardise their prosperity or job satisfaction.

Absenteeism is one of the indicators to monitor and evaluate various labour welfare programmes and labour policies. With this aim in view, statistics on absenteeism amongst the directly employed regular workers are collected as a part of the Annual Survey of Industries. Absenteeism rate among workers in an industry or a state is worked out as percentages of mandays lost due to absence to the mandays scheduled to work in the respective industry or state. 

Statistics on factories reporting absenteeism, mandays scheduled to work and mandays lost due to absence by States, Industries and Sectors during 2002 are presented in Tables 2.1.1, 2.1.2, 2.2.1 and 2.2.2.  The main observations on the data are analysed below:

2.1         Absenteeism in States

State-wise absenteeism rate amongst the directly employed regular workers during the year 2002 is presented in Table 2.1.1.  It is observed that the rate of absenteeism in Sample Sector at  all India level during the year 2002 has increased to 9.15 percent as against of 8.64 percent during the year 2001. During 2002, among States, the highest rate of absenteeism was witnessed in Delhi (13.37 percent) followed by Chandigarh (13.13 percent) and Kerala (12.87 percent).  On the other hand, the lowest rate of absenteeism during the year was observed in Chhattisgarh (4.23 percent) followed by Pondicherry (5.19 percent) and Assam (6.13 percent).  Out of 26 States,  13 States reported higher absenteeism rates than that at all India level during the year 2002.  A total of 9 states recorded absenteeism rates of more than 10 percent. As compared to 2001, an increase in the rate of absenteeism was recorded in 10 States during the year 2002.

2.2         Absenteeism in Industries

 Industry-wise absenteeism rate amongst directly employed regular workers during the year 2002, is presented in Table 2.1.2.  During the year, the highest rate of absenteeism was observed in industry group ‘142-Mining and quarrying, n.e.c.’ (12.88 percent) followed by industry groups ‘251-Manufacture of rubber products’ (12.43 percent) and ‘192-Manufacture of footwear’ (11.82 percent). The lowest rate of absenteeism was reported in industry group ‘372-Recycling of non-metal waste and scrap’ (4.79 percent) followed by industry groups '014-Agricultural and animal husbandry services, except veterinary activities' (5.33 percent) and '153-Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products and prepared animal feeds' (6.06 percent).  Out of a total of 63 industry groups, 34 industry groups recorded higher absenteeism rate as compared to absenteeism rate at all India level. A total of 18 industry groups recorded absenteeism rates of more than 10 percent.  As compared to 2001, an increase in absenteeism rate was recorded in 25 industries groups during the year 2002. 

2.3         Absenteeism in Sectors by States

State-wise and Sector-wise data regarding absenteeism rates amongst directly employed regular workers during the year 2002 are presented in Table 2.2.1.  It is observed that amongst sectors, the highest rate of absenteeism was observed in Public Sector (9.69 percent) followed by Private Sector (9.14 percent) and Joint Sector (9.08 percent).

In Public Sector, the highest and the lowest rates of absenteeism were observed in Kerala (15.16 percent) and Bihar (3.75 percent), respectively.  In Joint Sector, the highest rate of absenteeism was observed in Madhya Pradesh (16.80 percent), whereas, the lowest rate of absenteeism was observed in Chhattisgarh (1.90 percent).  In Private Sector, the highest absenteeism rate was observed in Delhi (13.37 percent) and the lowest rate was reported in Chhattisgarh (4.25 percent). 

2.4         Absenteeism in Sectors by Industries 

Industry-wise and Sector-wise data on absenteeism rate amongst directly employed regular workers is presented in Table 2.2.2.  In Public Sector, the highest and lowest rate of absenteeism were observed in the industry groups ‘319-Manufacture of other electrical equipment n.e.c.’    (23.55 percent) and ‘160-Manufacture of tobacco products' (3.00 percent), respectively. In Joint Sector, the highest and lowest rate of absenteeism were recorded in industry groups ‘312-Manufacture of electricity distribution and control apparatus' (36.37 percent) and ‘192-Manufacture of footwear' (2.03 percent). In Private Sector, the highest and lowest rate of absenteeism were reported in industry groups ‘142-Mining and quarrying n.e.c.’ (12.88 percent) and ‘372-Recycling of non-metal waste and scrap' (4.79 percent), respectively.