ANNUAL SURVEY OF INDUSTRIES,
Information regarding absenteeism among workers in an industrial
establishment on account of reasons other than strikes, lockouts, lay-off,
weekly rest or suspension, provide a sound database for gauging the employee’s
morale, commitment and level of job satisfaction which have a direct bearing on
productivity of the establishment. The effects of high levels of absenteeism are
wide ranging and affect everyone in the organisation. It cannot be regarded
purely as a management problem. Employers, workers and their representatives
have an interest in ensuring that a few absent workers do not jeopardise their
prosperity or job satisfaction.
on factories reporting absenteeism, mandays scheduled to work and mandays lost
due to absence by States, Industries and Sectors during 2002 are presented in
Tables 2.1.1, 2.1.2, 2.2.1 and 2.2.2. The
main observations on the data are analysed below:
Absenteeism in States
State-wise absenteeism rate amongst the directly employed regular workers during the year 2002 is presented in Table 2.1.1. It is observed that the rate of absenteeism in Sample Sector at all India level during the year 2002 has increased to 9.15 percent as against of 8.64 percent during the year 2001. During 2002, among States, the highest rate of absenteeism was witnessed in Delhi (13.37 percent) followed by Chandigarh (13.13 percent) and Kerala (12.87 percent). On the other hand, the lowest rate of absenteeism during the year was observed in Chhattisgarh (4.23 percent) followed by Pondicherry (5.19 percent) and Assam (6.13 percent). Out of 26 States, 13 States reported higher absenteeism rates than that at all India level during the year 2002. A total of 9 states recorded absenteeism rates of more than 10 percent. As compared to 2001, an increase in the rate of absenteeism was recorded in 10 States during the year 2002.
Absenteeism in Industries
Industry-wise absenteeism rate amongst directly employed regular workers during the year 2002, is presented in Table 2.1.2. During the year, the highest rate of absenteeism was observed in industry group ‘142-Mining and quarrying, n.e.c.’ (12.88 percent) followed by industry groups ‘251-Manufacture of rubber products’ (12.43 percent) and ‘192-Manufacture of footwear’ (11.82 percent). The lowest rate of absenteeism was reported in industry group ‘372-Recycling of non-metal waste and scrap’ (4.79 percent) followed by industry groups '014-Agricultural and animal husbandry services, except veterinary activities' (5.33 percent) and '153-Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products and prepared animal feeds' (6.06 percent). Out of a total of 63 industry groups, 34 industry groups recorded higher absenteeism rate as compared to absenteeism rate at all India level. A total of 18 industry groups recorded absenteeism rates of more than 10 percent. As compared to 2001, an increase in absenteeism rate was recorded in 25 industries groups during the year 2002.
Absenteeism in Sectors by
In Public Sector, the highest and the lowest rates of absenteeism were observed in Kerala (15.16 percent) and Bihar (3.75 percent), respectively. In Joint Sector, the highest rate of absenteeism was observed in Madhya Pradesh (16.80 percent), whereas, the lowest rate of absenteeism was observed in Chhattisgarh (1.90 percent). In Private Sector, the highest absenteeism rate was observed in Delhi (13.37 percent) and the lowest rate was reported in Chhattisgarh (4.25 percent).
in Sectors by Industries
Industry-wise and Sector-wise data on absenteeism rate amongst directly employed regular workers is presented in Table 2.2.2. In Public Sector, the highest and lowest rate of absenteeism were observed in the industry groups ‘319-Manufacture of other electrical equipment n.e.c.’ (23.55 percent) and ‘160-Manufacture of tobacco products' (3.00 percent), respectively. In Joint Sector, the highest and lowest rate of absenteeism were recorded in industry groups ‘312-Manufacture of electricity distribution and control apparatus' (36.37 percent) and ‘192-Manufacture of footwear' (2.03 percent). In Private Sector, the highest and lowest rate of absenteeism were reported in industry groups ‘142-Mining and quarrying n.e.c.’ (12.88 percent) and ‘372-Recycling of non-metal waste and scrap' (4.79 percent), respectively.