Labour Bureau
Government of India
R E P O R T

ON EVALUATION STUDIES ON IMPLEMENTATION OF

THE MINIMUM WAGES ACT, 1948 

IN BIDI MAKING ESTABLISHMENTS IN
MADHYA PRADESH

CHAPTER IV

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE EMPLOYEES

TABLES

Table 4.6  Distribution of Bidi Workers by Age Groups
 
Sl.
Age Group
No.
Stratum/ District
18 to 30 years
31 to 45 years
46 to 60 year
1
Stratum I
Sagar
26.7
70.0
3.3
2
Stratum II
Jabalpur,, Satna
21.4
71.4
7.2
3
Stratum II
Gwalior, Datiya and Vidisha 
23.1
53.8
23.1
4
Stratum IV
Balaghat
44.4
44.4
11.2
5
Stratum V
Bhopal, Indore, Devas, Ujjain& Hoshangabad
38.5
53.8
7.7

All Strata

29.2
62.3
8.5

Table 4.7 Distribution of Bidi Rollers by Age Groups
 
Age Group
Sl. No.
Stratum/ District
18 to 30 years
31 to 45 years
46 to 60 year
1
Stratum I
Sagar
45.5
49.5
5.0
2
Stratum II
Jabalpur,, Satna
34.4
57.8
7.8
3
Stratum II
Gwalior, Datiya and Vidisha 
23.1
56.4
20.5
4
Stratum IV
Balaghat
40.0
50.0
10.0
5
Stratum V
Bhopal, Indore, Devas, Ujjain& Hoshangabad
40.0
50.0
10.0
All Strata
38.4
52.4
9.2

Table 4.8 Proportion of the Scheduled Castes Amongst the Employees
 
Sl.
Bidi Workers
Bidi Rollers
All Employees
No.
Stratum/ District
Scheduled Castes
Others
ScheduledCastes
Others
Scheduled Castes
Others
1
Stratum I
Sagar
26.7
73.3
63.4
36.6
55.0
45.0
2
Stratum II
Jabalpur,, Satna
7.1
92.9
39.1
60.9
29.4
70.6
3
Stratum II
Gwalior, Datiya and Vidisha 
0.0
100.0
48.7
51.3
36.5
63.5
4
Stratum IV
Balaghat
11.1
88.9
70.0
30.0
51.7
48.3
5
Stratum V
Bhopal, Indore, Devas, Ujjain& Hoshangabad
19.2
80.8
44.3
55.7
37.5
62.5

All Strata

15.1
84.9
52.0
48.0
42.2
57.8

Table 4.9  Distribution of Bidi Workers andBidi Rollers by Length of Service
 
Bidi Workers
Bidi Rollers
Sl. No.
Stratum/ District
Below 10 Years
10 - 20 Years
Above 20 Years
Below 10 Years
10 - 20 Years
Above 20 Years
1
Stratum I
Sagar
63.3
30.0
6.7
64.3
31.7
4.0
2
Stratum II
Jabalpur, Satna
50.0
46.4
3.6
54.7
42.2
3.1
3
Stratum II
Gwalior, Datiya and Vidisha 
53.8
38.5
7.7
38.5
48.7
12.8
4
Stratum IV
Balaghat
55.6
33.3
11.1
50.0
40.0
10.0
5
Stratum V
Bhopal, Indore, Devas, Ujjain& Hoshangabad
46.2
46.2
7.6
28.6
60.0
11.4
All Strata
53.7
39.6
6.7
49.7
43.5
6.8

Table 4.10  Proportion of Employees with Rural/Urban Background
 
Bidi Workers
Bidi Rollers
All Employees
Sl. No.
Stratum/ District
Rural
Urban
Rural
Urban
Rural
Urban
1
Stratum I
Sagar
66.7
33.3
69.3
30.7
68.7
31.3
2
Stratum II
Jabalpur,, Satna
89.3
10.7
65.6
34.4
72.8
27.2
3
Stratum II
Gwalior, Datiya and Vidisha 
100.0
0.0
84.6
15.4
88.5
11.5
4
Stratum IV

Balaghat 

55.6
44.4
50.0
50.0
51.7
48.3
5
Stratum V
Bhopal, Indore, Devas, Ujjain& Hoshangabad
73.1
26.9
78.6
21.4
77.1
22.9
All Strata
77.4
22.6
71.4
28.6
73.0
27.0
                 

***** End of Chapter 4 Tables****