Labour Bureau
Government of India
R E P O R T

ON EVALUATION STUDIES ON IMPLEMENTATION OF

THE MINIMUM WAGES ACT, 1948 

IN BIDI MAKING ESTABLISHMENTS IN
MADHYA PRADESH

CHAPTER IV

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE EMPLOYEES
TABLES
Table 4.1  Category-wise Distribution of Bidi Workers 
 
Sl. No.
Stratum/ District
Sekai Wala
Wrapper/ Labeller / Bundle
Maker
Taraiwala/ Sorter/ Checker
Raw Material Distributor
Clerk Gr. I/ Gr. II
Total
1.
Stratum I
Sagar
5(16.7)
9(30.0)
9(30.0)
1(3.3)
6 (20.0)
30(100.0)
2.
Stratum II
Jabalpur,, Satna
6(21.4)
12(42.9)
6(21.4)
1(3.6)
3 (10.7)
28(100.0)
3.
Stratum III
Gwalior, Datiya and Vidisha 
3(23.1)
3(23.1)
4(30.8)
1(7.6)
2 (15.4)
13(100.0)
4.
Stratum IV
Balaghat
2(22.2)
2(22.2)
2(22.2)
-
3 (33.4)
9(100.0)
5.
Stratum V
Bhopal, Indore, Devas, Ujjain& Hoshangabad
4(15.4)
6(23.1)
10(38.4)
4(15.4)
2 (7.7)
26(100.0)
Total
20(18.9)
32(30.2)
31(29.2)
7(6.6)
16(15.1)
106(100.0)
N.B-* Figures in brackets indicate percentage to total in a Stratum.
-The percentage figure shown against the total of each category is weighted averages. The weights being total workers(category-wise) in all the strata.
Table 4.2  Sex-wise Distribution of Bidi Rollers Covered 
 
Sl. No.
Stratum/ District
Male
Female
Total
1
Stratum I
Sagar
31(30.7)
70(69.3)
101 (100.0)
2
Stratum II
Jabalpur,, Satna
22(34.4)
42(65.6)
64(100.0)
3
Stratum II
Gwalior, Datiya and Vidisha
6(15.4)
33(84.6)
39 (100.0)
4
Stratum IV
Balaghat
10(50.0)
10(50.0)
20 (100.0)
5
Stratum V
Bhopal, Indore, Devas, Ujjain& Hoshangabad
12(17.1)
58(82.9)
70 (100.0)
Total
81(27.6)
213(72.4)
294 (100.0)

Note:Figures in brackets indicate percentages to total in a Stratum.

Table 4.3  Distribution of Bidi Workers by their Level of Education
 
Level of Education
Sl. No.
Stratum/ District
Illiterate
Upto Primary
Upto Middle 
Upto Matric
Above Matric
Total
1
Stratum I
Sagar
13.3
43.3
20.0
16.7
6.7
100.0
2
Stratum II
Jabalpur,, Satna
42.9
39.2
3.6
10.7
3.6
100.0
3
Stratum II
Gwalior, Datiya and Vidisha 
23.1
53.8
7.7
15.4
-
100.0
4
Stratum IV

Balaghat 

11.1
33.3
11.1
33.4
11.1
100.0
5.
Stratum V
Bhopal, Indore, Devas, Ujjain& Hoshangabad
26.9
34.6
23.1
-
15.4
100.0

All Strata

25.5
39.6
15.1
12.3
7.5
100.0

Table 4.4 Distribution of Bidi Rollers by their Level of Education

Sl.
Level of Education
No.
Stratum/ District
Illiterate
Upto Primary
Upto Middle 
Upto Matric
Above Matric
Total
1
Stratum I
Sagar
47.5
36.6
14.9
1.0
-
100.0
2
Stratum II
Jabalpur,, Satna
29.7
48.4
17.2
4.7
-
100.0
3
Stratum II
Gwalior, Datiya and Vidisha 
61.5
25.6
10.3
2.6
-
100.0
4
Stratum IV
Balaghat
20.0
55.0
20.0
5.0
-
100.0
5.
Stratum V
Bhopal, Indore, Devas, Ujjain& Hoshangabad
38.6
32.9
21.4
7.1
-
100.0
All Strata
41.5
38.7
16.7
3.7
-
100.0

Table 4.5  Percentage Distribution of Bidi Employees by Levels of Education
 
Sl.
Levels of Education
No.
Stratum/ District
Illiterate
Upto Primary
Upto Middle 
Upto Matric
Above Matric
Total
1
Stratum I
Sagar
39.7
38.2
16.0
4.6
1.5
100.0
2
Stratum II
Jabalpur,, Satna
33.7
45.7
13.0
6.5
1.1
100.0
3
Stratum II
Gwalior, Datiya and Vidisha 
51.9
32.7
9.6
5.8
-
100.0
4
Stratum IV
Balaghat
17.2
48.3
17.2
13.8
3.5
100.0
5.
Stratum V
Bhopal, Indore, Devas, Ujjain& Hoshangabad
35.4
33.3
21.9
5.2
4.2
100.0
All Strata
37.3
38.7
16.0
6.0
2.0
100.0

***** End of Chapter 4 Tables****